Technological determinism - Presumes that a society's technology drives the development of its social structure and social value. Cultural determinism - The culture that a society is raised determines the behaviours and emotions of the people.
Paradox of the ruin Dillon, B. (2014) RUINS. London: Whitechapel Gallery, MIT Press. p.11- Ruins embody a set of temporal and historical paradoxes. The ruins' decay is a concrete reminder of the passage of time... At the same time, the ruin casts us forward in time; it predicts a future in which our present will … Continue reading The Lure of the Ruin
Cyborg: A cybermetic organism/ a hybrid of machine and organism/ a creature of social reality as well as a creature of fiction The word 'robot' was not introduced till 1920s. Cyborg moves: unsettling the rules- focusing on woman empowerment. "The Cyborg Manfesto" - Donna Haraway, 1985 Movie1: Metropolis (robot: Maria) Artificial Intelligence (AI) Boundaries between … Continue reading Cyborg Cultures
Utopia can be defined as a vision of a better world, not perfect, but the ideal and improved place of the present. The idea of utopia is often constructed by imaginary worlds based on the reality, in which some real-life difficulties are neglected. Utopia - vision of a better world (not perfect) Utopian - desire … Continue reading Imaginary World: Utopia and Utopianism
The internet is a huge database with a variety of information, and different search engine platforms are used to find the results required by the users. However, the visible web we usually surf only feeds a small percentage of information to us and leaves over 96% of the web content hidden down in the deep web. … Continue reading Beyond Google
In modern days, people have become more aware of the idea of surveillance, and although it seems like a contemporary topic, its existence has lived across different times and cultures. When referencing to surveillance, the Panopticon is often seen as its perfect metaphorical representation, designed by social theorist Jeremy Bentham in the late 18th century. The … Continue reading Surveillance, Nothing to hide?
The earliest photograph kept in the record was taken by Nicéphore Niépce in 1826, titled View from the Window at Le Gras, a scene from nature with a camera obscura. Before the appearance of photographic techniques, people painted down specific moments of life or human portraits to keep records of them. Although paintings back then and photographs … Continue reading Photography and Mapping Truth
"Design Maker User" is a permanent display at the Design Museum, featuring various collections of contemporary design. The exhibition aims at audience of all ages and backgrounds, which tells the story of contemporary design in new and revealing ways. (Design Museum) The core of design is a dialogue between the three participants: the designer, the … Continue reading Exhibition Visit: Design Museum
In today's lecture, Andrew and Andrea introduced structuralism and semiotics to the class. The term 'Structuralism' originated in the works of Ferdinand de Saussure, an influential Swiss professor of linguistic. The definition of structuralism can be referred to what Terence Hawkes had once said, "The world is made up of relationships rather than things, constitutes the first principle of that … Continue reading This Means What?
The use of collage is an essential method throughout the twentieth century till now, considering modern era is overwhelmed by the appearance of mass production. Although people began to advocate and further make the use of collage popular in twentieth century, its appearance can be traced back to tenth century in Japan, which such technique … Continue reading Cut and Paste